Peanut oil is one of the most popular cooking oils used in China, America, and Southeast Asia. Its other name is groundnut oil. Because of the relatively higher smoke point, it can be the perfect choice for people who love deep-frying their meals. It is also termed as healthy fat which finds its origin in the peanut plant.
Vegetable oil is a term used for a large group of oils which are mostly plant-based fats. These are either edible or non-edible. Inedible vegetable oil, there are plenty of examples such as Soybean oil, mustard oil, and corn oil. Historically these have been used as a common cooking oil in every part of the world. These are economical to prepare and buy. Different vegetable oils are available in abundant quantities and contain natural flavor.
In this article discusses the features as well as the pros and cons of peanut oil and vegetable oil, so you can decide which oil is best for you:
Peanut oil is one of the most popular and commonly used oils in household kitchens. It is a type of vegetable oil. Its other name is groundnut oil famous for its strong aroma and peanut flavor.
People use it for general cooking purposes in regular food dishes. it is also used to add more flavor. Geographically peanut oil is used in Chinese, South Asian foods, and American foods.
It is rich in fats. Fatty acids such as palmitic acid, linoleic acids, and oleic acids are its main components. It has different flavors depending on the processing mechanism: Peanut oil blends, Cold-pressed peanut oil, Refined peanut oil and Gourmet peanut oil.
It is used for frying purposes especially in cooking the fries. Recent studies suggested that peanut oil can also be used as fuel replacing diesel. Peanut oil is safe to use in saponification and as a massage oil.
Peanut Oil Pros
- Peanut oil has Vitamin E as one of the key ingredients that have antioxidants properties.
- It is useful to reduce heart diseases.
- Among fatty acids, Monounsaturated fatty acids make a large part of peanut oil. So it is used in foods that cook at a higher temperature.
- Peanut oil regulates the blood sugar in the body. So in the long run, it improves insulin efficiency in diabetics.
Peanut Oil Cons
- The omega-6 content is specifically linked with inflammatory reactions in the body.
- Peanut oil is responsible for the oxidation process resulting in the formation of free radicals.
- Free radicals are harmful to the human body by accelerating aging.
- Certain heart diseases and cancers.
Oil which is obtained from different plant sources such as nuts, seeds, cereals, fruits, and grains in any form is termed as vegetable oil.
Almost all major cooking oils are vegetable oils, leaving few only oils that are derived from animal sources. Vegetable oils are derived either in liquid or in solid condition at room temperature. Another important fact is that vegetable oils don't need to be edible.
There are a lot of examples of oil that are derived from vegetable sources but are not edible and unfit for human consumption. Fat is the main component in the biochemical makeup of these oils. In fats, more than 95% contribution is from triacylglycerols and fatty acids.
Vegetable oils are very commonly used in our daily life. Canola oil, corn oil, palm oil, peanut oil, and soybeans oil are a few of the prominent examples of vegetable oils. Edible oils from this category are used for cooking purposes. Other common uses include oil painting, wood finishing, medical uses, and also used as fuel.
Vegetable Oil Pros
- Most of the vegetable oils are edible hence used for cooking purposes.
- These oils have natural flavor.
- Most exist in liquid form at room temperature, making it easier to use in household uses.
- Vegetable oils are considered to be good fats as they have less LDL content, so are beneficial for health.
- Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties of vegetable oil make it a perfect choice to clear harmful free radical groups from the body.
Vegetable Oil Cons
- Vegetable oils have low boiling points hence cannot be a good choice for frying purposes.
- It cannot be used in foods that are cooked at a higher temperature because this oil has a low boiling point.
- Extra virgin varieties of this oil are very expensive.
How to Choose
What is the Difference?
The main difference between peanut oil and vegetable oil lies in their roots of origin. Peanut is considered being a fruit whereas vegetable oil is produced from a variety of varieties of vegetables such as leafy vegetables, soybeans, sunflower oil and corn oil, and more.
Natural flavor is what makes peanut oil more superior to tasteless vegetable oil.
Another difference is found in the production of free radical groups by peanut oil. Whereas vegetable oils don't produce these free radical groups. Remember free radicals are responsible for inflammatory reactions and initiate cancers.
Peanut oil potentiates the action of insulin by regulating blood sugar.
Vegetable oils are very economical and easily available in grocery stores and markets. The availability of peanut oil is not the issue but it is a bit expensive as compared to vegetable oil.
Oleic acid and palmitic acid form a major part of peanut oil composition. Whereas vegetable oil only contains simpler fatty acid content.
Which Is Right for You?
Vegetable oil and peanut oil both possess different qualities, functions, and differ in their biochemical structure.
As far as the question about the preference of one over other is concerned one may choose either of these depending on the consumer choice.
The general population continues to use vegetable oil because it is economical. If a household kitchen is operating on a low budget then one should choose vegetable oil over peanut oil.
Whereas if taste and different flavors are concerned, peanut oil must be the first choice. Because of more health-related benefits due to peanut oil in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, it is a good choice for regular cooking.
Both are commonly used as cooking oil almost in every part of the world.
The leading health body of America, the American Heart Association has recommended peanut oil for consumption by patients with cardiovascular diseases. It has potential side effects in long term use as well. Such as the generation of free radicals which are oxidized and later cause inflammatory reactions in the body.
Both have different biochemical make-up. Their use is relatively associated with their respective functions in meals. So it depends on the general population which one prefers over others.
-  ^ Time.com: The 10 Healthiest and Least Healthy Oils to Cook With